Who was Hakeem Luqman? Why is there a chapter (Surah Luqman) in the Quran?

Hakim Luqman, also known as Luqman the Wise, was a wise man and a prophet of the Abrahamic religions. There is a Surah (chapter) in the Quran named after him, called Surah Luqman. The Surah contains 34 ayats (verses) and was revealed in Mecca. It is believed that Allah revealed the Surah to guide people and make some very important points.

Luqman is not mentioned in the Quran by name, but the Surah Luqman is named after him because it narrates an incident from his life. The Surah emphasizes four themes:

  1. Patience and fortitude in the face of adversity.
  2. Thankfulness to Allah for the bounties that defy description.
  3. Righteousness, avoiding ignorance, and alignment with divine guidance.
  4. The outcome of people who deny the truth.

Muslim exegetes report that Luqman was a Black Abyssinian of the region of Saba or of Zafar, a descendant of Qahtan, and a contemporary of King Dawid of Israel. He is considered a导师 (dǎo shi), an honorific epithet bestowed upon the most revered of saints, by some Chinese Muslims. A surah of the Quran is named after Luqman, and hisDialogue is said by some scholars to make up only twenty percent of the surah, while the other eighty percent in Surah Luqman narrates him in exhortation.

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